Tag Archive: Water Meter

Home Automation Update

Not a lot to say- just a quick update. I’ve ordered a few more bits to add to the home automation project. These have already come:

-RFXCom 433Mhz transceiver
-Byron 433Mhz switch, pir, remote plug/socket & "in ceiling switching module".
-Linksys SPA3102

And I’m still waiting for (or haven’t ordered):

-433Mhz smoke alarms
-433Mhz doorbell
-433Mhz door/window open/close sensors
-Wifi or 433Mhz bathroom scales

Here’s a quick shot of one of the raspberry pis hooked into a little portable LCD, the RFXCOM transceiver, the CurrentCost EnviR and a Jeelabs Jeenode:

The next step I decided to tackle was getting a few real basics pieces of information from my Enigma2 digital satellite receiver into DomitiGa. I decided to use the nifty little shell script module to execute:

rm current
wget -q
cat current | grep "Name:" | sed 's/.*: (.*)<.*/1/'
cat current | grep "Title:" | sed 's/.*: (.*)<.*/1/'
cat current | grep "Recording Status:" | sed 's/.*: (.*)<.*/1/'

Which returns three lines with: The current channel, programme and whether a recording is in progress. I hope to take this a lot further and start capturing stats from my VDSL & ADSL modems, fileserver etc. You can see the satellite details below "Sky: Lounge":

I have been meaning to get my gas meter, hot & cold water monitored for a long time. The gas meter is relatively straight forward as it provides a convenient RJ11 socket with pulses- I just needed a sketch to load onto a jeenode to catch and report these pulses. I decided to try the sketch from the OpenEnergyMonitor project (http://openenergymonitor.org/emon/emontx) found here: https://github.com/openenergymonitor/emonTxFirmware/tree/master/emonTx_Pulse

I made some changes:

-Set freq to 868Mhz
-Set nodeID and networkGroup
-Unset UNO

I think that’s it:

EmonTx Pulse example

An example sketch for the emontx module for
CT only electricity monitoring.

Part of the openenergymonitor.org project
Licence: GNU GPL V3

Authors: Glyn Hudson, Trystan Lea
Builds upon JeeLabs RF12 library and Arduino


#define freq RF12_868MHZ // Frequency of RF12B module can be RF12_433MHZ, RF12_868MHZ or RF12_915MHZ. You should use the one matching the module you have.433MHZ, RF12_868MHZ or RF12_915MHZ. You should use the one matching the module you have.
const int nodeID = 2; // emonTx RFM12B node ID
const int networkGroup = 212; // emonTx RFM12B wireless network group - needs to be same as emonBase and emonGLCD needs to be same as emonBase and emonGLCD

const int UNO = 0; // Set to 0 if your not using the UNO bootloader (i.e using Duemilanove) - All Atmega's shipped from OpenEnergyMonitor come with Arduino Uno bootloader
#include <avr/wdt.h> // the UNO bootloader

#include <JeeLib.h> // Download JeeLib: http://github.com/jcw/jeelib
ISR(WDT_vect) { Sleepy::watchdogEvent(); }

typedef struct { int power, pulse, misc1, misc2; } PayloadTX;
PayloadTX emontx; // neat way of packaging data for RF comms

const int LEDpin = 9;

// Pulse counting settings
long pulseCount = 0; // Number of pulses, used to measure energy.
unsigned long pulseTime,lastTime; // Used to measure power.
double power, elapsedWh; // power and energy
int ppwh = 1; // 1000 pulses/kwh = 1 pulse per wh - Number of pulses per wh - found or set on the meter.

void setup()
Serial.println("emonTX Pulse example");

rf12_initialize(nodeID, freq, networkGroup); // initialize RF

pinMode(LEDpin, OUTPUT); // Setup indicator LED
digitalWrite(LEDpin, HIGH);

attachInterrupt(1, onPulse, FALLING); // KWH interrupt attached to IRQ 1 = pin3 - hardwired to emonTx pulse jackplug. For connections see: http://openenergymonitor.org/emon/node/208

if (UNO) wdt_enable(WDTO_8S);

void loop()
emontx.pulse = pulseCount;
pulseCount = 0;
send_rf_data(); // *SEND RF DATA* - see emontx_lib
emontx_sleep(10); // sleep or delay in seconds - see emontx_lib
digitalWrite(LEDpin, HIGH); delay(2); digitalWrite(LEDpin, LOW); // flash LED

// The interrupt routine - runs each time a falling edge of a pulse is detected
void onPulse()
lastTime = pulseTime; //used to measure time between pulses.
pulseTime = micros();
pulseCount++; //pulseCounter
emontx.power = int((3600000000.0 / (pulseTime - lastTime))/ppwh); //Calculate power

void send_rf_data()
// if ready to send + exit loop if it gets stuck as it seems too
int i = 0; while (!rf12_canSend() && i<10) {rf12_recvDone(); i++;}
rf12_sendStart(0, &emontx, sizeof emontx);
// set the sync mode to 2 if the fuses are still the Arduino default
// mode 3 (full powerdown) can only be used with 258 CK startup fuses

void emontx_sleep(int seconds) {
for (int i=0; i<seconds; i++) {
if (UNO) wdt_reset();


Home Automation Progress

An update since last week.

I decided I’d like to keep my CurrentCost netsmart pro posting electricity consumption data to pachube so spliced into the cable to see if I could pickup on the serial data using my home automation hub without disrupting communication between the enviR (CC128) and the bridge.

Taking the leftmost pin of the two connectors with the notch/clip facing downwards the pins are joined as so:

RJ45 -> RJ11
1 -> 1 (Yellow)
4 -> 2 (White)
7 -> 3 (Blue)
8 -> (White)

Rather annoying that they used white for 2 of the cores! On my USB serial cable for the enviR the pinout was as so:

4 (Red) -> Spliced into White (pin2)
7 (Green) -> Spliced into Blue
8 (Yellow) -> Spliced into White (pin8)

After hooking the bridge, enviR and usb up to the laptop I could see data coming in over through the serial port- voila!

I punched the CurrentCost details into the hah web interface:

Then configured the extra data streams to pachube:

Just waiting for a few hours for some data but it appears to be flowing in nicely:

<eeml xmlns="http://www.eeml.org/xsd/005"xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.eeml.org/xsd/005 http://www.eeml.org/xsd/005/005.xsd" version="5"><environment><data id="2"><tag>Light</tag><value>0.00</value></data><data id="3"><tag>Humidity</tag><value>0.00</value></data><data id="1"><tag>Temperature</tag><value>0.00</value></data><data id="13"><tag>CCIAM3</tag><value>44.00</value></data><data id="12"><tag>CCIAM2</tag><value>157.00</value></data><data id="11"><tag>CCIAM1</tag><value>5.00</value></data><data id="15"><tag>CCIAM5</tag><value>0.00</value></data><data id="14"><tag>CCIAM4</tag><value>82.00</value></data><data id="10"><tag>CCTotal</tag><value>415.00</value></data><data id="16"><tag>CCIAM6</tag><value>0.00</value></data></environment></eeml>

I took delivery of the two water meters today- just waiting for a friend to help me fit them and my additional jeenodes to arrives so I can get the data into the hah!

The crazy looking squid thing is the cheapest usb hub I could find to allow me to plug both the jeelink and currentcost enviR into the hah at the same time- hideous but does the job :)


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